Introduction to Python
The name Python comes from a theatrical group called Monty Python.
Python is versatile
People use the Python language for a variety of application development, including game software development, web development, desktop GUI development, educational and scientific computing application development. In recent years, Python has even become one of the most popular languages for developing artificial intelligence applications, playing a role in many fields such as image processing, natural language processing, and neural networks. So, in fact, Python has dabbled in all areas of development.
Currently, Python has become one of the most popular programming languages, ranking at the top of various programming language rankings. The popularity of Python is mainly due to its simplicity and robustness, but of course there are many other factors that we will cover later.
Python is very simple
For beginners, Python is a programming language that is both easy to learn and quite useful. Compared to other languages, Python’s code is quite readable, and it has command-line programs where you can directly enter commands and run programs. Some features of Python are useful for assisting the learning process, and users can organize some simple animations to make their own games.
One of them is the turtle module, which is inspired by turtle drawings (used by the Logo language in the 1960s) and is dedicated to education. There is also the tkinter module, which is an interface to the Tk graphical interface and can be used to easily create some graphics and animation programs.
Ease of learning makes Python the language of choice for teens learning computer programming. In this tutorial, we will also lead readers to learn the use of the Python turtle module, and write an interesting game in Python. I believe this will make you experience the fun and fulfillment of learning Python programming!
Python’s syntax is simple, making it easy to learn and understand Python programming. Compared to other programming languages, Python code is shorter and easier to understand.
Also, some tasks in Python are easy to implement. For example, to swap two numbers, it’s easy to write in Python:
(a, b) = (b, a)
Learning something new is an exhausting and tedious task. However, the simplicity of Python’s syntax greatly reduces the difficulty of learning it.
Also, projects written in Python are easy to understand. Python’s code is compact and efficient, making it easy to understand and manage.
Python has a large number of modules (libraries)
Another very notable feature of Python is that it has a large number of third-party modules and libraries, which is an important reason why Python has such a wide range of applications.
Python has many third-party modules for completing web development. For example, Python-based Django is a very popular web development framework that supports clean and fast development, HTML, Email, FTP, and other applications, making it a good choice for web development.
Combined with the functionality and support of third-party modules and libraries, Python can also be widely used for GUI development and mobile application development, for example, Kivy can be used to develop multitouch applications.
Python also has powerful libraries that support scientific computing and analysis – SciPy for engineering and math, IPython for parallel computing, and more. In addition, SciPy provides similar functionality to MATLAB and can be used to work with multidimensional arrays.
Other Features of Python
Python also has some other features and advantages, which are listed below:
1) Python automatically manages memory
Python has its own way of managing memory and related objects. When an object is created in Python, memory is dynamically allocated to it. When the object’s life cycle ends, the memory it occupies will be reclaimed. Python’s memory management makes programs more efficient, and we don’t have to worry about it.
2) Python is highly portable
Programs written in Python can run on almost all known platforms such as Windows, Linux or Mac, etc.
3) Python is free
Python is not proprietary software, and anyone can download a wide variety of Python compilers available. Also, there will be no legal issues when distributing code written in Python.
4) Python has a huge user base
Python developers and users have formed an active professional community, with programmers from all over the world (including China) discussing, exchanging experiences in learning and using Python. There is a lot of Python-related information on the Internet, and there are many Python discussion groups. These have promoted the learning and dissemination of the Python language.